Airborne microplastics and SARS-CoV-2 in total suspended particles in the area surrounding the largest medical centre in Latin America

Abstract:

Microplastics (MPs) have been reported in the outdoor/indoor air of urban centres, raising health concerns due to the potential for human exposure. Since aerosols are considered one of the routes of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission and may bind to the surface of airborne MPs, we hypothesize that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) could be associated with the levels of MPs in the air. Our goal was to quantify the SARS-CoV-2 RNA and MPs present in the total suspended particles (TSP) collected in the area surrounding the largest medical centre in Latin America and to elucidate a possible association among weather variables, MPs, and SARS-CoV-2 in the air. TSP were sampled from three outdoor locations in the areas surrounding a medical centre. MPs were quantified and measured under a fluorescence microscope, and their polymeric composition was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) microspectroscopy coupled with attenuated total reflectance (ATR). The viral load of SARS-CoV-2 was quantified by an in-house real-time PCR assay. A generalized linear model (GzLM) was employed to evaluate the effect of the SARS-CoV-2 quantification on MPs and weather variables. TSP samples tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 in 22 out of 38 samples at the three sites. Polyester was the most frequent polymer (80%) found in the samples. The total amount of MPs was positively associated with the quantification of SARS-CoV-2 envelope genes and negatively associated with weather variables (temperature and relative humidity). Our findings show that SARS-CoV-2 aerosols may bind to TSP, such as MPs, and facilitate virus entry into the human body.

Reference:
AMATO-LOURENÇO, Luís Fernando; COSTA, Natália de Souza Xavier; DANTAS, Kátia Cristina; GALVÃO, Luciana dos Santos; MORALLES, Fernando Negri; LOMBARDI, Suzette Cleuza Ferreira Spina; MENDRONI JÚNIOR, Alfredo; LINDOSO, José Anelo Lauletta; ANDO, Rômulo Augusto; LIMA, Felipe Gallego; CARVALHO-OLIVEIRA, Regiani; MAUAD, Thais. Airbone microplastics and SARS-CoV-2 in total suspended particles in the área surrounding the largest medical centre in Latin America. Environmental Pollution, v.292, part.A, 118299, 2022.

Access to the article on the Journal website:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749121018819?via%3Dihub

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