Numerical analysis of debris containment grid fluid-body interaction

Abstract:

Debris containment grid is an important part of hydroelectric power plant, since it retains objects, preventing damage to the turbine. In the case of the Santo Antonio hydropower plant, located in the Amazon rainforest, in the north of Brazil,the most significant debris are logs. This paper aims to analyze the interaction between several log boom modules (type of debris containment grids developed specifically for containing logs) present in a debris containment line present in Santo Antonio hydropower plant, as well as its interactions with the fluid, varying the advance velocity and side-slip angle. The analysis of the fluid-body interaction is performed using CFD software with Finite Volume Method approach. The problem is divided into steps. Firstly, one log boom module is simulated with several velocities and side-slip flow angle, obtaining a relation between forces, moments and movements. Next, in order to save the expected computational cost, the module is analyzed and compared through the porosity approach. Finally, the analysis of a line with several log boom modules, including the interaction between each module, is carried out. The results of the simulations will allow to perform an analysis of the line stability, obtaining the forces, moments and movements of each log boom module, observing its influence in the log boom line. With a fluid-body hydrodynamic analysis of several modules in a line, data are provided for a structural analysis. Since the porosity approach is used to reduce the computational cost, this paper also contributes to similar cases, with a main interest in larger scales of forces and movements.


Reference:
KATSUNO, Eduardo Tadashi; GOMES, Gustavo de Goes ; CASTRO, Felipe Santos de ; DANTAS, João Lucas Dozzi . Numerical analysis of debris containment grid fluid-body interaction. In: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON OCEAN, OFFSHORE AND ARCTIC ENGINEERING, 37., 2018, Madrid. Proceedings… 10 p.

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