Modification of basic oxygen furnace slag for cement manufacturing


The use of steelmaking slag without chemical modification presents a deleterious effect on cement mechanical properties, due to the expansion caused by the presence of free CaO and MgO in the slag. This work deals with the modification of one basic oxygen furnace (BOF) slag with the objective of making it an appropriate additive in blended cement formulations. Two different modified slags were produced in a pilot-scale metallurgical reactor by mixing additives into 300 kg of remelted BOF slag. The liquid slags were cooled under two conditions: naturally (inside the reactor) and in contact with stainless steel balls. Quantitative X-ray diffraction and energy-dispersive spectroscopy, as well as qualitative scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy analyses of slag samples, revealed the relationship among cooling conditions and crystalline phases. The modified slags had CaO/SiO2 between 1.8 and 2.0, which is lower than the 3.8 for steelmaking slag. This reduced basicity resulted in the presence of dicalcium silicates (C2S) in higher amounts than in the steelmaking slag. b-Ca2SiO4, a0-Ca2SiO4, bredigite, and RO (FeO–MgO–MnO–CaO solid solution) ere detected as major crystalline phases by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Cement samples were roduced by mixing 25 wt% of modified steelmaking slag wth 75 wt% of ordinary Portland cement, resulting in xpansion lower than 0.1% in the autoclave tests and ompressive strength higher than 40 MPa after 28 days.Cement samples produced by adding modified slags presented xpansions 5 times lower than that determined for ement samples produced by adding steelmaking slag wthout any modification. The process indicates potential o be applied as a steelmaking slag treatment.

FERREIRA NETO, João Batista; FREDERICCI, Cátia; FARIA, João Oswaldo Macedo Garcia de; CHOTOLI, Fabiano Ferreira; RIBEIRO, Tiago Ramos; MALYNOWSKYJ, Antonio; SILVA, Andre L.N.; QUARCIONI, Valdecir Angelo; LOTTO, André Alexandrino. Modification of basic oxygen furnace slag for cement manufacturing. Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, 2017.

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