Compressive strenght of wood ind direction parallel to the cell


Residential buildings consume energy in order to cover their requirements and this results in CO2 emissions due to the fact that they mostly use fossil fuels. In order to promote sustainability, it is necessary to reduce energy consumption and replace fossil fuels with renewable energies in them. Use of sustainable energies in European buildings have been promoted by new E.U. regulations and all the new buildings after 2020 must be near zero energy buildings. Among renewable energies solar energy, solid biomass and geothermal energy are currently used successfully in residential buildings. Recent technological advances have reduced their cost, have increased their reliability and their cost effectiveness. The abovementioned renewable energies can cover all the energy requirements of residential buildings zeroing their CO2 emissions due to energy use. Aim of the present work is to give estimation data regarding the creation of low energy and zero CO2 emissions grid connected residential buildings in Crete-Greece using a combination of reliable and cost effective renewable energy technologies like solar thermal energy, solar-PV energy, solid biomass and low enthalpy geothermal energy with heat pumps in order to cover all their energy requirements. The result is to obtain grid connected residential buildings with zero CO2 emissions due to energy use in them with affordable cost for the owners.

YOJO, Tadashi; PIGOZZO, Raphael Jaquier Bossler; MACENA Suelem Mauricio Fontes; MIRANDA, Maria José de Andrade Casimiro. Compressive strenght of wood ind direction parallel to the cell. Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Research, v.3, n.2, p. 1260-1266, fev., 2016.

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