Metallurgical silicone refininf by transient directional solidification


Directional solidificationo is an essential refining step to obtain solar grade silicon from metallurgical silicon. This step can be carried out in a Bridgman furnace, where nearly constant temperature gradients and solidification velocities are imposed on the solid-liquid interface. In the present work, this directional solidification was conducted in a static furnace, in which large temperature gradients and low solidification velocities were enforced to increase macrosegregation. The resulting ingots were analyzed regarding their macrostructures, microstructures and chemical composition. Using measured cooling curves in the ingot as boundary conditions, a mathematical model based on the concept of a stagnant liquid layer at the solid-liquid interface was implemented to predict the macrosegregation profiles. The chemical analyses of the ingots show macrosegregation of several impurities to the ingots top. The mathematical model indicates that liquid convection plays an important role in stabilizing the planar solid-liquid interface, increasing the macrosegregation of impurities.

LIMA, Moyses Leite; MARTORANO, Marcelo A.; FERREIRA NETO, João Batista. Metallurgical silicon refining by transient directional solidification. In: TMS ANNUAL MEETING AND EXHIBITION, 143., 2014, San Diego, California. WANG, Cong. et al. (Eds.). Energy technology 2014: carbon dioxide management and other technologies. New Jersy: Wiley, 2014. p.279-286.

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