Superficial residual stress, microstructure, and efficiency in similar joints of AA2024-T3 and AA7475-T761 aluminum alloys formed by friction stir welding

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Abstract:

Friction stir welding (FSW) represents a conceptually simple technique that consists of joining either similar or dissimilar solidstate materials through higher plastic deformation rates. FSW is an important technique in the aeronautical and aerospace industries, and its development is vital because of the significant difficulty in joining higher resistance AA 2000 and AA 7000 aluminum alloys with conventional techniques, like fusion welding, due to porosity and mechanical property losses. Thin sheets with a 1.6-mm nominal thickness of AA2024, heat treated to condition T3, and thin sheets with a 1.6-mm nominal thickness of AA7475, heat treated to condition T761, were used to investigate the influence of welding parameters under superficial residual stress and the efficiency of joints by FSW of AA2024-T3 and AA7475-T761 aluminum alloys. A central composite design (CCD) was used as a statistical model in this study (23 factorial points, six stellar points, two central points, and two replicas). Micrographic analysis showed that in the nugget zone of the AA7475-T761 alloy, there was hardness recovery. The fractography images showed that failures occurred mainly due to the joint line remnant defect, evidenced by the presence of cracks. The superficial residual stresses show a maximum value of 81 MPa at the advancing side in run 27 (hot welding) of AA2024-T3, whereas in AA7475-T761, a value of 57 MPa was found in the same run. Finally, tensile strength represents an efficiency of ~92% of the AA2024-T3 base metal value, while for AA7475-T761, this value was ~85%. From a component design perspective, the parameter window of this study is identified as interesting for its evaluation in the possible application in component manufacturing, due to the low values of superficial residual stresses found compared to those in previous work.

Reference:
PERRANDINI, João Paulo Buoro; BORDINASSI, Ed Claudio; BATALHA, Mario Henrique Fernandes; CARUNCHIO, André Ferrara; DELIJAICOV, Sergio. Superficial residual stress, microstructure, and efficiency in similar joints of AA2024-T3 and AA7475-T761 aluminum alloys formed by friction stir welding. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, v.116, p.117-136, May, 2021.

Access to the Abstract of the article on the Journal website:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00170-021-07238-5

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