Evaluation technique for determining wheel performance in the grinding of aerospace materials

Abstract:

Nickel-based super alloys are used in a variety of applications in which hightemperature strength and resistance to creep, corrosion, and oxidation are required, such as in aircraft gas turbines, combustion chambers, and automotive engine valves. The properties that make these materials suitable for these applications also make them difficult to grind. Grinding systems for such materials are often built around vitrified cBN (cubic boron nitride) wheels to realize maximum productivity and minimum cost per part. Conditions that yield the most economical combination of stock removal rate and wheel wear are key to the successful implementation of the grinding system. Identifying the transition point for excessive wheel wear is important. The aim of this study is to compare the performance of different cBN wheels when grinding difficult-to-grind (DTG) materials by determining the ‘wheel wear characteristic curve’, which correlates the G-ratio to the calculated tangential force per abrasive grain. With the proposed methodology, a threshold force per grit above which the wheel wear rate increases rapidly can be quickly identified. A comparison of performance for two abrasive product formulations in the grinding of three materials is presented. The obtained results can be applied for the development of grinding applications for DTG materials.


Reference:
SILVA, E.S.; OLIVEIRA, João Fernando Gomes. Evaluation technique for determining wheel performance in the grinding of aerospace materials. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, v.225, p.25-34, jan., 2011.


Access to the summary of the article on the SAGE Journal website:
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1243/09544054JEM2074

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