Effect of temperature and heating rate on the sintering of leucite-based dental porcelains


The aim of this work was to determine the effect of temperature and heating rate on the densification of four leucite-based dental porcelains: two low-fusion (Dentsply–Ceramco and Ivoclar) and two high-fusion commercial porcelains (Dentsply–Ceramco). Porcelain powders were characterized by differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size distribution, helium picnometry, and by scanning electron microscopy. Test specimens were sintered from 600 to 1050 8C, with heating rates of 55 8C/min and 10 8C/min. The bulk density of the specimens was measured by the Archimedes method in water, and microstructures of fracture surfaces were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed that densification of specimens increased with the increase in temperature. The increase in the heating rate had no effect on the densification of the porcelains studied. Both high-fusion materials and one of the low-fusing porcelains reached the maximum densification at a temperature that was 50 8C lower than that recommended by the manufactures.

FREDERICCI, Cátia;YOSHIMURA, Humberto Naoyuki;MOLOSANI, A.L.;PINTO, Marcelo M.;CESAR, Paulo F. Effect of temperature and heating rate on the sintering of leucite-based dental porcelains. Ceramics International, v.37, n.3, p.1073-1078, Apr., 2011.

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