Effect of deformation on the excess loss of electrical steel

Abstract:

The interpretation of the effect of plastic deformation on the calculated excess loss component (anomalous-loss) supports the concept of loss separation. Magnetic losses and Barkhausen noise of nonoriented electrical steel sheets were measured on Epstein strips taken from a single coil of 0.8% Si nonoriented electrical steel. Sheets were extracted in the annealed condition, without any skin pass and with a grain size of 18 μm. This material was cold rolled in order to obtain sets of samples with true strain from 2% up to 29%. X-ray diffraction was used to estimate the dislocation density. The analysis of magnetic properties was performed by Barkhausen noise measurements and also by analyzing the hysteresis loops obtained from Epstein frame measurements for different inductions and different frequencies (including the quasi-static regime for hysteresis loss measurements). These data allowed us to observe that most of the well known total loss increase with plastic deformation is due to an increase in the hysteresis loss component, while excess loss decreases to become negligible. This behavior can be explained if it is assumed that the plastic deformation lead to an increase in the number of domain walls per unit volume, thereby decreasing the excess loss. Barkhausen peak area increases with plastic deformation, reproducing results taken from samples of different silicon content.


Reference:
RODRIGUES JR., D.L.; SILVEIRA, J.R.F.; GERHARDT, G.J.L.; MISSELL, F.P.; LANDGRAF, Fernando Joé Gomes. MACHADO, R.; CAMPOS, M.F. de. Effect of deformation on the excess loss of electrical steel. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, v. 48, n. 4, p.1425-1428, 2012.

Access to the article on the website of the Journal for subscribers only:
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/6172377

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