Thermal characteristics of phase change materials suitable for Brazilian buildings

Abstract:

Phase Change Materials (PCMs) have significantly higher thermal capacity than traditional materials. PCMs increase the thermal inertia of buildings and improve their thermal performance depending on the climate conditions. PCMs are generally used in buildings exposed to the Northern Hemisphere’s climate conditions; however, there is very little information about the effect of these materials in buildings located in tropical areas. This paper presents the essential thermal characteristics that these materials require (latent heat and melting point) to be able to contribute to improve the thermal performance of Brazilian buildings. Simulations of the thermal response of buildings with and without PCMs were carried out. The first stage aimed to reproduce the thermal behaviour of a real prototype – with PCMs available in the market in order to validate the simulations. The second stage included parametric simulations of the thermal response of a prototype with hypothetical PCMs. The characteristics of these hypothetical materials were obtained from variations of the original ones. The results show the values of the latent heat and melting point most appropriate to Brazilian buildings.


Reference:
BRITO, Adriana Camargo de; AKUTSU, Maria; SALLES, Elisa Morande; CASTRO, Guilherme Molnar. Características térmicas de materiais de mudança de fase adequados para edificações brasileiras. Ambiente Construído, v.17, n.1, p.125-145, jan.-mar., 2017.


Access to the article on the periodical website:
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1678-86212017000100125&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

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