Investigation of stress corrosion cracking of austenitic, duplex and super duplex stainless under drop evaporation test using seawater

Abstract:

Stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of UNS S31603 austenitic stainless steel (ASS), UNS S32205 duplex stainless steel (DSS) and UNS S32750 super duplex stainless steel (SDSS) was investigated. SCC tests were carried out at 110 ºC for 500 h under drops of synthetic seawater (DET, drop evaporation test). Two loading conditions were investigated: 50 % and 100 % of the experimental yield strength of each steel. DSS and SDSS specimens showed no susceptibility to SCC under loading of 50 % of their yield strength, contrary to ASS, but all steels fractured at the highest load. SCC nucleated under the salt deposit formed on the surface of all specimens. SCC propagation was mainly transgranular, but SCC propagation of DSS also featured crack ramification in the austenite phase. In addition, SDSS also presented crack propagation along the ferrite/austenite interfaces. Transgranular cleavage fracture was also observed in all fractured specimens, but DSS also presented ferrite/austenite interfacial brittle fracture, while SDSS also featured intergranular brittle fracture.


Reference:
PEREIRA, Henrique Boschetti; PANOSSIAN, Zehbour; BAPTISTA, Ilson Palmieri; AZEVEDO, César Roberto de Farias. Investigation of stress corrosion cracking of austenitic, duplex and super duplex stainless steels under drop evaporation test using synthetic seawater. Materials Research, v.22, n.2, jan., 2019.


Access to the article on the newspaper website:
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-14392019000200220

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